Objective: Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry were performed to compare the proteomic alterations of lycorine-treated and control cells to further investigate the anti-multiple myeloma (MM) mechanisms of lycorine.
Results: Mass spectrometry results showed that after lycorine treatment of MM cells, 42% of the differentially expressed proteins had subcellular localization, mainly, on mitochondria. Voltage-dependent anion-selective channel protein 2 (VDAC2), the most abundant protein in the outer mitochondrial membrane, was up-regulated after treatment with lycorine and was subsequently verified by western blot analysis. Further studies on mitochondria found that lycorine was able to increase abnormal mitochondria and increase mitochondrial membrane potential.
Conclusions: Lycorine can achieve the effect of resisting multiple myeloma by acting on VDAC2 and causing mitochondrial abnormalities.