Prognostic value of the albumin-globulin ratio and albumin-globulin score in patients with multiple myeloma

ABSTRACT

Objective: The albumin-globulin ratio (AGR) has been identified as a promising prognostic predictor of mortality in patients with hematological malignancies. This study investigated the prognostic significance of AGR in patients with multiple myeloma.

Methods: Two hundred patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma from January 2010 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed and followed up until December 2019. Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariate Cox regression analysis were applied to detect the prognostic value of AGR.

Results: The median follow-up period was 36 months. The optimal cutoff of AGR was 1.16 according to receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. High AGR was significantly correlated with better overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Multivariate analysis revealed that low AGR was an independent prognostic factor for worse OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.82, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.15-2.94) and PFS (HR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.09-2.17).

Conclusions: AGR may represent a potential prognostic biomarker in patients with multiple myeloma.