Population Pharmacokinetics of Ponatinib in Healthy Adult Volunteers and Patients With Hematologic Malignancies and Model-Informed Dose Selection for Pediatric Development

Abstract

The BCR-ABL1 inhibitor ponatinib is approved for the treatment of adults with chronic myeloid leukemia or Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia, including those with the T315I mutation. We report a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model-based analysis for ponatinib and its application to inform dose selection for pediatric development. Plasma concentration-time data were collected from 260 participants (86 healthy volunteers; 174 patients with hematologic malignancies) enrolled across 7 clinical trials. Data were analyzed using nonlinear mixed-effects modelling. Ponatinib PK was described by a 2-compartment model with first-order elimination from the central compartment. The final model included body weight and age as covariates on the apparent central volume of distribution; however, exposure variability explained by these covariates was small compared with overall variability in the population. None of the covariates evaluated, including sex, age (19-85 years), race, body weight (40.7-152.0 kg), total bilirubin (0.1-3.16 mg/dL), alanine aminotransferase (6-188 U/L), albumin (23.0-52.5 g/L), and creatinine clearance (≥28 mL/min) had clinically meaningful effects on apparent oral clearance. Simulations based on the final model predicted that daily doses of 15-45 mg result in steady-state average concentrations that are in the pharmacological range for BCR-ABL1 inhibition and approximate or exceed concentrations associated with suppression of T315I mutant clones. The final model was adapted using allometric scaling to inform dose selection for pediatric development.