Model-Based Determination of Elotuzumab Pharmacokinetics in Japanese Patients With Multiple Myeloma Incorporating Time-Varying M Protein

A population pharmacokinetic model was developed to evaluate the effects of Japanese ethnicity, prior line of therapy (0 or ≥1), time-varying M protein, and maintenance dosing regimens (10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks or 20 mg/kg intravenously every 4 weeks beginning in cycle 19) on the pharmacokinetics of elotuzumab in patients with multiple myeloma treated with elotuzumab plus lenalidomide/dexamethasone. Elotuzumab pharmacokinetics were characterized by a 2-compartment model with parallel linear (nonspecific) and Michaelis-Menten elimination from the central compartment and target-mediated elimination from the peripheral compartment. Asian race on nonspecific clearance (CL) and central volume of distribution, prior line of therapy on CL, and maximum target-mediated elimination rate (Vmax ) were statistically significant but not considered clinically relevant (magnitude < 20%).

Time-varying M protein on Vmax was statistically significant, and the magnitude was >20%; however, clinical implications in the setting of combination therapy were not expected. Model-predicted steady-state elotuzumab exposure in cycle 12 were similar in Japanese and non-Japanese patients and in Japanese patients with 0 and ≥1 prior lines of therapy. Elotuzumab 20 mg/kg intravenously every 4 weeks beginning in cycle 19 produced time-averaged concentrations similar to elotuzumab 10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks, although maximum and minimum concentrations after elotuzumab 20 mg/kg intravenous every-4-week dosing were slightly higher and lower, respectively. In conclusion, the current analysis demonstrates that Japanese ethnicity, prior line of therapy, time-varying M protein, and change in elotuzumab dosing regimen in cycle 19 have no clinically meaningful impact on elotuzumab pharmacokinetics and exposure in Japanese patients with multiple myeloma.