Circular RNA_0000190 and its target microRNA-767-5p are dysregulated, and they are related to risk stratification as well as prognosis in multiple myeloma patients

ABSTRACT

Background: This study aimed to explore the correlation between circular RNA_0000190 (circ_0000190) and microRNA-767-5p (miR-767-5p), and their correlations with biochemical indices, risk stratification, treatment response, and survival in multiple myeloma (MM) patients.

Methods: Bone marrow (BM) plasma cells of 86 MM patients (during standard diagnostic procedures) and 30 healthy donors (HDs) (examination of the eligibility for BM transplantation) were obtained, among which circ_0000190 and miR-767-5p expressions were detected using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In MM patients, Durie-Salmon stage and International Staging System (ISS) stage were assessed. Clinical responses (including complete response (CR) and objective response rate (ORR)) were assessed. The progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated.

Results: Circ_0000190 was decreased, but miR-767-5p was increased in MM patients compared with HDs. Circ_0000190 was negatively correlated with miR-767-5p in both HDs and MM patients. In MM patients, circ_0000190 was negatively correlated with ISS stage, serum creatinine, beta-2-microglobulin, and lactate dehydrogenase but was positively correlated with albumin. Whereas an opposite trend in miR-767-5p was observed. Regarding clinical response, circ_0000190 had the value for predicting increased ORR, while miR-767-5p had the value for predicting decreased CR and ORR. Circ_0000190 high expression was correlated with better PFS and OS, while miR-767-5p high expression was correlated with worse PFS and OS. Multivariate Cox’s analyses revealed circ_0000190 high expression as an independent factor predicting better OS.

Conclusion: Circ_0000190 and its target miR-767-5p are dysregulated, and they are related to risk stratification and prognosis in MM patients.